In a move which will be vastly beneficial to India’ Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, the Government has raised the threshold levels for classification of the same which shall enable more businesses to be classified as MSMEs and take the benefit of the same.
Existing and Revised Definition of MSMEs
|Existing MSME Classification|
|Criteria: Investment in Plant and Machinery and Equipment|
|Mfg. Enterprises||Investment < Rs. 25 lakhs||Investment < Rs. 5 Crores||Investment < Rs. 10 Crores|
|Services Enterprises||Investment < Rs. 10 Lakhs||Investment < Rs. 2 Crores||Investment < Rs. 5 Crores|
|Revised MSME Classification|
|Composite Criteria: Investment and Annual Turnover|
|Investment < Rs. 1 Crores
Turnover < Rs. 5 Crores
|Investment < Rs. 10 Crores
Turnover < Rs. 50 Crores
|Investment < Rs. 50 Crores
Turnover < Rs. 250 Crores
Note: However, the criteria for medium enterprises is further proposed to be raised to Rs. 50 Crores investment and Rs. 250 Crores Turnover.
Some of the takeaways from this change in classification are also as follows:
- The only criteria earlier was investment in plant and machinery (for manufacturing sector) and investment in Equipment for Services sector. Now this has been removed and a twin criteria has been established.
- Difference between manufacturing and Service Sector has been removed. The earlier difference was not completely illogical since both have completely difference characteristics. However, this step will lead to simplification and also more service entities can take benefits of being MSME.
- Again pure trading firms (i.e. those firms not involved in manufacturing or service activities) have lost out. This reclassification was an opportunity to include trading entities as MSME units but the same has not happened. Trading units also contribute to the supply chain and employment opportunities. Small trading units would have also benefited from early payments protection and cheaper loans.
Government has many programs to help MSMEs and with this wider classification, it is expected that more and more MSMEs would benefit. MSMEs should immediately register themselves as MSMEs to take benefit of the same.